Alcázar de San Juan is located in the center of the plains of La Mancha, where the landscapes of cultivated land sown with cereals and vines are dotted with small hills and wetlands.
The municipality is punctuated by different wetlands such as the Lagoon Complex composed of 695 hectares that are part of the Biosphere Reserve of La Mancha Húmeda (declared by UNESCO), as well as a Special Protection Area for Birds, Wildlife Refuge and Protected Area of Castilla – La Mancha.

The Laguna de la Veguilla, the Laguna del Camino de Villafranca and the Laguna de Las Yeguas, are the habitat of numerous animal species and birds of passage that can be observed at different times of the year such as storks, herons, ducks, flamingos or cranes; as well as invertebrates and unique plants in the Iberian Peninsula such as some beetles and the limonium plant.

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