Celebrated the month of December for more than two centuries, it appears with a first documentary reference in the dictionary of Hervás y Buendía of 1899 with a note on the carnival of Alcazaba, referenced in a document of the Diocesan Archive of Toledo. There they talk about the celebration in Alcázar de San Juan of one of the popular parodic parties of the end of the year, parties that since the Middle Ages have been documented throughout Spain.

<< After singing Matins and before the Midnight Mass, the Community came out to the church and in front of it a Danza dancing with their monteras on. So great was the concourse to see the dance, that everything was confusion and disorder: men and women on the altars, inside the confessionals and in the pulpits: after mass the profanation was consummated, reaching such a degree of debauchery, that people smoked in the Temple, a thousand shameless things were said and a barbarian gave a burlesque sermon until the religious had to throw them out and close the church at two o’clock in the morning. Nor did the prelate of the said convent prevent the aforementioned excesses as he should have done, but rather he seems to have contributed to them, since he ordered the dance to be repeated on April Fool’s Day in the church after high mass. Neither did this Diocesan Vicar, perhaps because he did not want to attract again, the note of traitor, with which he was branded in public passquets because he meddled in the affairs of the friars. Nor was I, by reason of my priestly character, less obliged, but I was forced by a kind of irresistible necessity to be an unfortunate witness of the aforementioned scene, contenting myself with weeping it in my heart at the time and now notifying Your Eminence…. Alcázar de San Juan. December 31, 1813 >>

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