Since the inauguration of the railroad station in 1854, Alcázar de San Juan became a major junction in the railway network of the Iberian Peninsula on the line linking the capital, Madrid, with the Levante and Andalusia.

The city, declared as such in 1877 by King Alfonso XII after he made a stop at the station, experienced an important economic, social, urban and infrastructure development, still present in the urban fabric: modernist style houses, opening of new streets and avenues, emergence of a powerful trade and wineries and industries derived from the railroad and wine, were some of the consequences of that period.

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